The readers have different experience, knowledge base and attitude to the topic of telling. In order to tune a reader on a wave of your writing, to give him sufficient explanation information, make him willing to read the rest and simply to start beautifully, we need an introduction at first.
In one of the Oxford dictionaries, we may find that: “introduction is a thing preliminary to something else, especially an explanatory section at the beginning of a book, report, or speech.” Simply saying, it is an explanation of what are you going to say in your essay and why.
From this perspective a good introduction will focus the following points:
Several language areas play a major role in the essay introduction. They help to put accents in the essay text. For example, with Present Simple, you state an accepted fact or truth while with Present Continuous you will describe a temporary situation. (I live in Manchester – Present Simple and I am living in Manchester – Present Continuous). With Present Perfect you sometimes can describe a happening that is more accordant to the situation now, then while using Past Simple. (I have cracked my glasses (and it’s a problem NOW) – Present Perfect. I cracked my glasses (but it’s ok, I replaced them) – Past Simple. ).
The signaling language helps to connect one sentence or matter to the next. The reader should not feel a gap between the parts of data that makes broad sweeping. The following expressions are helpful for this task: therefore, due to, as a result, on the other hand, etc.
It is important to use paragraphs when you write your introduction to help the reader quickly to orient in your essay. The first line of a passage in academic essays, for instance, will provide you with the meat-and-potatoes of a paragraph. The main task here is to make your introductory paragraph coherent and logical.
Certain types of essays, for, e.g., scientific papers find useful to apply Passive voice, as it is not common to indicate who did research or an experiment. In order to substitute I or We, a construction with IT is used (It is known that… It was thought that…).
Another way out is to use a dummy subject (This article describes…, The present paper shows…).
The writing of an effective introduction can be divided into several main steps. And although introductions differ greatly based on the type of essay and its topic, information they contain will make it structured.
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